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2019年全国英语等级考试三级精选模拟试题2套阅读A
来源:学易网校 2019/5/16 12:53:00 【字体:放大正常缩小】【打印页面

全国英语等级考试语法辅导公共英语语法辅导PETS语法辅导

  阅读A模拟试题:
  What do we mean by a satisfactory standard of living?Obviously,it must include the basic necessities of life such as food,clothing and shelter.To get these necessities on regular basis,a person must have a reliable income.But we have other needs which would probably also be included as basic,such as health and education facilities.
  We may think of all of these as our needs.Yet most of us would be far from satisfiedif we had nothing more than these which are supplied for us.We all enjoy extra income to spend on things like books,sports or hobbies.Sometimes we save some of this extra income to pay for future expense of this type on holidays.So we must add our wants to our basic needs.Our standard of living is the degree,to which these needs and wants are satisfied.
  But as time goes on,what we think of as our basic needs changes.Twenty years ago a television would have been a luxury,and still is in manycountries now,Even now we cannot say it is a need in the same sense as food,clothing and shelter.Yet if most of the people of a country have one,it comes to be accepted as a need.It is possible therefore to have food,clothing and shelter and still be poor by the standards of our own society.
  1.A person who gets the basic necessities must()according to the writer.
  A.have a reliable income
  B.learn how to please his manager
  C.finish his work ahead the time
  D.get a good education
  参考答案:A
  参考解析:事实细节题。根据文章第一段的第三句,要想持久地得到生活必需品,必须有一份可靠的收入。
  2.We all enjoy().
  A.having only reliable income
  B.having reliable income and extra income
  C.having nothing more than food and clothing
  D.having nothing more than reliable income
  参考答案:B
  参考解析:事实细节题。文章第二段提到,大多数人都不会仅仅满足于这些基本需要,我们都愿意再有一些额外的收入。所以应选B.
  3.If most of the people of a country have a television,we().
  A.can say the television is a need in the same sense as food and clothing and shelter
  B.can say the television must be in the basic necessities
  C.cannot say the television is in the basic necessities
  D.can say every family must have one
  参考答案:A
  参考解析:事实细节题。根据文章倒数第二句,如果全国大多数人都拥有电视的话,那么电视可视作一种必需品所以选A.
  4.With time going on,().
  A.a luxury may change into a need which most people want to get
  B.the basic needs are getting smaller and smaller
  C.a luxury and the basic needs can be exchanged
  D.the basic needs can be changed into a luxury
  参考答案:A
  参考解析:推理判断题。根据文章最后一段所举的例子,基本需求的概念是可以改变的,20年前电视是一种奢侈品,但现在也已经成为了一种生活必需品。可见奢侈品可转化成生活必需品。所以选A.其他选项文章都未提到。
  5.What we need in life is divided into()according to this article.
  A.the basic necessities and luxury
  B.many kinds of need such as food,clothing and houses
  C.four groups the basic necessities,luxury,reliable income and future expense
  D.the basic necessities and reliable income
  参考答案:A
  参考解析:推理判断题。根据文章最后一段作者举的例子,基本需求的概念是可以改变的,20年前电视是一种奢侈品,但现在也已经成为了一种生活必需品。可见,在作者看来,有两种生活需求,一种是生活必需品,另一种就是奢侈品。所以选A.

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