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黑龙江省2009年成人英语三级考试试卷4

  2011-3-29 10:50:00  学易网【字体:放大 正常 缩小】 【打印页面

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage:

  A third of British people are overweight, states a report published in January by the Royal College of Physicians, the result of an 18-month-long study. About 5%of children weigh too much, and are likely to stay that way for life; in the mid-twenties age group the proportion of fat people  rises to a third, and of the middle-age population half are overweight.

  Fat people risk severe health problems, says the report, including high blood pressure, breathlessness, and various forms of heart disease. Smoking is particularly risky for overweight people.

  The safest way to lose weight is to eat cereals, bread, fruit and vegetables, and cut down on fatty meats, butter and sweet foods. Current diets do far more harm than good; slimming machines that vibrate muscles have not been proved useful; saunas (蒸气浴) merely remove a little body water, and health farms, says the report, serve as expensive holidays.

  The report emphasizes that exercise is most important to health. Though it doesn’t necessarily reduce weight, it maintains the correct proportion of body fat to body muscle. And it isn’t only for the young. From middle age a minimum of 20 minutes of gentle physical jerks should be practiced three times a week.

  The report advocates several public health measures to combat the high prevalence of overweight in this country. They include an increase of tax on alcohol to reduce its increasing, and dangerously fattening consumption; and the provision of more sports facilities by local authorities. Britain’s doctors, the report concludes, must learn to be more sympathetic and specific in their advice to the overweight, encouraging a change in eating habits on a long-term basis, and taking into account the many-often complex-reasons why fat people are fat.

  46. The passage is mainly about______.

  A. why many British people are overweight

  B. how to avoid getting overweight

  C. British people’ s overweight problem

  D. the relations between overweight and health

  47. According to the report,a person is most likely to stay fat for the whole of his life if he______.

  A. gets fat in middle ageB. gets fat in his twenties

  C. gets fat when he is a childD. is born fat

  48. The report thinks that exercise________.

  A. is a way to reduce weightC. can convert fat to muscle

  B. is a sure way to keep one healthyD. sometimes increases weight

  49. The report points out that drinking too much alcohol________.

  A. will also cause a person to get overweight

  B. will cause a person to do less sports

  C. will make a person forget the fact that he is fat

  D. will lead a person to bad eating habits

  50. The report suggests that when treating the overweight, doctors should______.

  A. encourage a long-term diet for everyone

  B. first consider why so many people are overweight

  C. know that there are complex reasons why a person gets overweight

  D. be more considerate and give detailed advice

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