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虚拟语气_成人高考专升本英语核心语法考点【2017年】
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  虚拟语气表示动作或状态不是客观存在的事实,而是说话人的主观愿望、假设或推测等。虚拟语气有三个主要结构,一定要记住,分别是对现在,过去和将来进行虚拟。
  1.对现在的虚拟:
  If +主语+did, 主语+would/should/could/might+do
  If he knew the answer, he would tell you.
  2.对过去的虚拟:
  If +主语+had +done, 主语+would/should/could/might+have+done
  If you had come here yesterday, you would have met him.
  If you had been more careful, you wouldn’t made such a mistake.
  3.对将来的虚拟:
  If+主语+动词过去式,主语+would/should/could/might+do
  If +主语+were to +do, 主语+would/should/could/might+do
  If +主语+should+do, 主语+would/should/could/might+do
  第一个结构表示建议或提醒,而第二个结构表示警告或责备。
  If you were to leave tomorrow, you wouldn’t be late for the meeting in New York next week.
  难点一:
  以上为虚拟语气基本考点,就是考察前后结构搭配,如:
  If I (not call) the police, the thief would have run away.
  虚拟语气里最常考的结构就是对过去的虚拟,要牢记,只要看到
  would / should / could / might + have + done
  就想到是讲述过去的事,甚至是把它看成一般过去式。
  难点二:
  考察虚拟语气三大结构省略if的格式,如:
  If I had come here yesterday, I would have met him.
  Had I come here yesterday, I would have met him.
  4.欲望动词:
  欲望动词是虚拟语气的重点考点,所谓欲望动词就是表示命令,建议等的动词。一般考试结构为:
  He insisted that Tom (finish) the work by Friday.
  Some people suggested that school children (wear) uniform.
  He demanded that I (help) him.
  固定结构为:主语+欲望动词+that+主语+should+do, should 可以省略。
  切记,考试常考欲望动词的被动结构
  He ordered that the books be sent to the office by 5 o’clock.
  5.含蓄条件句:
  含蓄条件句就是从句中不再出现if,而用其他的引导词代替。如:
  A                                    B
  without                        as if
  otherwise/or              as though
  But for                        If only
  AB两组词用法不一样,A组用虚拟语气三大结构的主句结构,而B组用wish的结构,看下列例子:
  A组:
  I couldn’t have finished the work without your help.
  But for your advice, I would have been in trouble.
  B组:
  He talks as if he were an adult.
  If only you had come here yesterday.
  经典试题:
  1)Life (be) totally different without internet.
  2)I called the police in time. Otherwise the thief (run) away.
  3)My parents took good care of the dog as if he (be) their own son.
  4)If only he (be) careful at the exam.
  6.固定句型:
  虚拟语气中有两个常考的句型:It’s time that和would rather that
  It’s time that 主语+did (对现在的建议,到了该做……的时间了)
  It’s time that we had the meeting.
  主语would rather that 主语+did (对现在的评论)
  I would rather that you came today.
  主语would rather that 主语+had+done (对过去的评论)
  I would rather that you had stayed home yesterday.

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